Many countries of the world are suffering from delinquencies committed by juveniles. It is a serious problem for any country. The causes behind criminal attitude are different from region to region. The juvenile delinquency is very sensitive issue for any society, community and country. I will describe here, the major 4 ways to prevent juvenile delinquency.
Time-to-time, many guidelines are created and amended by United Nations to deal with the issues, but the increasing rate of delinquency even nowadays are challenging for any country.
Juveniles are the future of any society and country. It would be more effective to watch early alarming signals and try to correct in that stage rather than handling after the occurrence of delinquency.
The increasing rates of juvenile’s delinquency also raise question marks of the effectiveness of culture, ethics, comprehension and living standard of the society, efforts of prevention by organization and judicial system of the government.
By this post, I am trying to focus on causes and prevention of delinquencies committed by juveniles. Hope, these efforts would help to understand and handle the situation more effectively.
Table of Contents
- Mental status while committing the delinquency
- Factors responsible for juvenile’s delinquency?
- Prevention of juvenile delinquency
- Juveniles are our future
Mental status while committing the delinquency
It is observed that most delinquencies were taken place under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Whenever these were consumed, the ability to decide right and wrong were vanished. They were not in the position to decide what they were going to do was right or wrong. In most cases police reported that, majority of juveniles were found expressing high regret in the police custody after committing the delinquency.
By expressing regret some were found to make the situation in favor, while major numbers of juveniles were in real regret.
Consuming drug or alcohol is absolutely wrong. However, if they were taught in advance how to control themselves from impulse of bad thoughts during and after consuming alcohol, many delinquencies can be prevented.
Let’s know the causes behind juvenile’s delinquency
Factors responsible for juvenile’s delinquency?
Following are the 13 responsible factors that play vital roles in juvenile’s delinquency:
1. Lack of basic needs
Food, shelter and clothing are the basic needs. Juveniles belong to such family or society who are struggling for their basic needs, are tended to choose any way to get their basic needs. They have no any difference in right or wrong way to get the things. Teenage is very crucial for controlling the emotions and preventing from derailment. Juveniles who belong to such background have many chances of committing the delinquency to achieve their basic needs. They tended to choose any shortcut to get the things at the earliest.
It is observed that, children of such families whose members are often quarreling with each other are found to be violent in their teenage. Home is the first place for children to learn many vital things that lead to their future. Violence at home keeps the children deprived from their essential needs. They don’t get the right environment to express their problems or share happiness. They feel ignored in the family. This is the age when they are more in need of parents’ interaction but in the violent environment they also became violent and aggressive. They tended to commit any delinquency because they are treated and learn aggressive behavior from their home.
3. Poor parenting
Children are like a lump of soft clay. Parents are the potter of their children. They become molded in a shape, how their parents have nurtured them. Due to lack of proper parenting knowledge, unknowingly parents used to craft their children in wrong shape. This results in rude, aggressive and unpleasant behavior of their children. Poor parenting leads the children to commit unlawful acts which are neither good for family, society nor any country.
4. Lack of education
Lack of education forced the juveniles to commit the delinquency in both ways. First, they are deprived from learning the good values that leads them to grow with discipline and good character. Second, education makes the children able to grow with their clear goal. It prevents them to be involved in unethical ways. Education helps juveniles to distinguish right and wrong things and make them able to choose the right path for their successful life. In the absence of good education, they don’t able to know what should be done and what shouldn’t.
5. Lack of finance
Finance is one of the vital thing that push juveniles towards delinquency to fulfill their needs. Juveniles who belong to the family, who is struggling for finance for a long time, feel unsatisfied. Mostly it is found that, if teens are not nurtured with great values, they more likely tended to use wrong means to get satisfied. They don’t hesitate to commit the delinquency to get money. In this case, some parents also found welcoming their unethical means. It spreads like a pandemic in long run and makes the entire country hollow.
6. Peer pressure
Juveniles are found more inclined towards their friend circle and rely on their advice. They are not enough mature to choose the right person as friends. If any teenager becomes part of some bad elements, it is more chances to be influenced by them and get derailed. It is found that due to peer pressure and influence they commit the serious delinquencies. They are suffering from the fear to be alone, if they don’t involve themselves in committing the delinquency.
7. Unethical conduct of society
Juveniles’ behavior is more influenced by the neighbourhood and society in which they belong to. If teenager comes from criminal society, there are more chances to easily be involved in committing the delinquency. They learn the things and don’t hesitate to commit what people of their society are generally doing.
The juveniles who are bullied in school and/or their similar aged people are found to be more aggressive. Sometimes, they commit such a delinquency, generally nobody expecting from them. Bullied juveniles become horrible whenever limit crosses their bearing capacity. They used to apply their entire strength to take the revenge and commit serious delinquency.
Due to negligence of proper parenting, teens don’t able to express their school related problems to their parents. Sometimes, they are punished in school for not doing the homework. Not performing well in the school may be another reason why they feel inferior and neglected. These feelings are converted into violence and take place in serious delinquency. This happens due to lack of conversation between teens, their parents and/or parents and school teachers.
10. Lack of moral values
Moral values and discipline are the core learning in the childhood and juveniles. When these values are get rewarded by the parents, seniors or teachers, teens move towards right direction and eager to continue. But on the other hand, if there are lack of discipline and moral values in juveniles they inclined to do any wrongful act. In the long run, it converts into committing the delinquency.
11. Ego effect
Juveniles of more respected family or those whose parents are in higher position either in property or status are more likely to have higher ego effect. They want to get the same respect or treatment like their parents. Slowly they become habitual and feel it as their right. These feeling make them arrogant and lead to misuse the respect and power of their parents. Whenever, they have to face the reality, they become aggressive and commit the serious delinquency.
12. Desire of Self recognition
It is human nature from childhood to draw attention of others. Whenever juveniles found themselves neglected or not able to draw attention because of their qualities, they try to do something different to be recognized among people or friends. In this race, knowingly or unknowingly they tended to do unlawful act to get attract. Slowly, it converts into easy act to break the rule and commit delinquency.
13. Drug or alcohol abuse
By nature, juveniles want to experiment, experience and taste everything they come across. This way, they start to consume drugs and alcohol too. Whenever they become addicted, they want it in regular basis. This situation forced them to commit delinquencies in both ways. In this age they have no enough pocket money to fulfill their requirements. They found themselves so constrained to commit the delinquency to get money to purchase drugs or alcohol. Secondly, after consuming drugs or alcohol, the capability to distinguish between right and wrong is vanished. They don’t able to think deeply how serious delinquency they are going to commit and what would be the result.
Prevention of juvenile delinquency
Juveniles’ delinquency is not only a serious matter for them but also for family, society and even country too. They all have to take responsibility to prevent it. Juveniles’ delinquency prevention responsibility can be distributed in the following ways:
1. Parents’ responsibility
The greater responsibility of juvenile’s delinquency prevention goes to parents. They should be serious about it. Following ways, they can nurture their child:
- Start educating your child well in advance, in the womb.
Children start learning well in advance from their birth. Traditionally it is believed that children’s mental and behavioural development start as soon as they are conceived. Their personality begins to take place in the womb and educating the mind of the fetus can be influenced by the mother’s state of mind during pregnancy.
Babies listen and feel mother’s feelings even when they are developing in the womb. You can shape up your baby’s first impression by listening quality music, visualizing good things, meditating, positive thinking and listening noble person’s success stories. It is scientifically proven.
Chanting, meditation and mantras are most important for the baby at the age of 23rd
week in the womb. Educating fetus in the womb is all about being in a good state, emotionally, mentally, physically and spiritually for the sake of your baby’s well-being.
Educating fetus in the womb can be traced back to ancient Hindu texts like Vedas which date to 1500-500 BC. It also finds reference in the Mahabharata which was written roughly around 400 BC.
Abhimanyu, Prahlad, Lord Hanuman, Ashtavakra and Swami Vivekananda, the well-known personalities are the best examples of educating fetus in the womb.
If the couple is not in a state of mental stability and calmness, even they are physically fit; they can’t give birth to a healthy child.
- Be aware of your child’s brain development
90% of your baby’s brain development completed at the age of 5 years. The brain’s programming well completed after attaining this age. It comes out to be utilized in the latter ages throughout baby’s life.
Parents generally do the blunder of thinking that their baby does not understand what they are doing. Parents should tell stories to their babies which have moral values. Stories of noble persons also results well.
- Juveniles are highly curious, answer them properly
Children and juveniles are highly curious, you should answer them such a way that they can understand well. Make the home environment so easy for them to ask anything they want. You can develop their capability to distinguish between right and wrong behavior and attitude. When they do not get answer from their parents, they tended to rely on their friends and starts doing the wrong things.
You should be patient with your teen’s attitude and behavior. You should know about teenage is the age of transition from childhood to adult. Physical, psychological and hormonal changes take place in this crucial age. To protect from derailment in this age you should handle them with care.
- Give enough time to your teens and encourage talking about their problems
This environment is very helpful for your teens to be prevented from any unlawful act. They also feel safe and satisfied if you able to confident them that, whenever they are in need of you, you will be available for them. It will help them to be protected from bad people and unwanted peer pressure.
- Try to be role model for your teens
By nature, children and teens are imitator. They copy the behavior and attitude what they find in their parents. So, try to be a role model for your teens to let them learn good habits from you. This way you can teach them values and discipline.
- Praise and reward for good habit and scold for bad
Praise them and give rewards to your teens for their helping attitude, good habits and ethical acts, so it deeply penetrates in their mind that these things are good and acceptable. Don’t forget to scold them for their wrong attitude and behavior, so they can learn that these type of things are bad and not acceptable.
- Keep eyes on their friend circle
To protect from committing the delinquency you should always keep eyes on their friends. Which type of children are their friends? You should warn them politely to keep distance from that type of children. This way you can protect them from wrong people and their bad influence.
- Let them know about their existence
The ego effect is common but you can solve the issue. Let your teens learn that they would be recognize only by their quality, attitude and values not by your identity. This way you can encourage them to grow with values.
- Tell about consequences of delinquency
They should be clearly understood about consequences of committing delinquency. You should make them clear that you would help them only for right things. This will help them to be fearful for committing any delinquency.
2. School responsibility
School teacher should teach them importance of discipline and moral values. If teens found irregular in school, teacher should talk about and inform the parents. Teacher should also care about unethical acts of students. Bullying should be strictly prohibited. Teacher, student and parents’ conversation should always go on. It helps to prevent from committing the delinquency.
3. Society responsibility
Juveniles are the copy of the society from which they belong to. It should be a social responsibility of parents and senior persons to respect the values and not be involved in any delinquency. If any person found indulges in wrong habits, he should be socially boycott from the society and be informed to get rid of. It would be a lesson for children and juveniles who are thinking to do any delinquency.
It should be the responsibility of society to not allow any teenager addicted of drug or alcohol. They should take action on their level to prevent them, if necessary.
However, if any teenager found guilty and get punished by the government institution, society should accept him/her. They should bring the teenager in main stream if he/she has improved himself.
4. Responsibility of government institution
Government institutions should have regular effective programs at the ground level to take care of juveniles and let them know the consequences of committing delinquency. Punishment should be quick and hard but culprit should be given sufficient chances to improve themselves. The society also should help them to get rid of bad habits.
Juveniles are our future
Responsibility goes to everyone to protect our teens from committing any delinquency. They are our future. We should protect them by teaching discipline and values from very early stage of their life.
If you have any question or want to say anything related with the topic, please feel free to leave your comments below. I would like to hear from you.