Bermuda grass needs sun and grows well in tropical, sub-tropical and the transition zones like in Southern US, South America, Australia, Africa, India etc. The color of this grass is usually dark green. This grass can grow in extreme climate conditions because of its extensive root system. It has a good tolerance capacity against insects and diseases. Bermuda grass can grow in coastal areas as well.
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The Best time to plant Bermuda grass seed
The best time to plant Bermuda grass seed is in spring to late spring or early summer. The optimum soil temperature for germination and root growth of Bermuda grass is 65° to 80°F (18.33° to 26.67° C). Higher temperatures are also acceptable provided moisture is maintained.
Cynodon dactylon is the botanical name of Bermuda grass and is known by many names such as doob grass, durva grass, dog’s tooth grass, devil’s grass and conch grass. Due to its medicinal property, dogs used to eat this grass to cure stomach ailments.
Bermuda grass can be used in case of many diseases. Bermuda grass is beneficial to wounds, piles, eczema, urticaria, injuries, eye problems, skin rashes, constipation, indigestion, mental debility, diabetes, epilepsy, vaginal problems, menstrual problems, gynecological problems, etc.
Bermuda grass is also a sacred grass whose top tender leaves are used to worship God Ganesh in India.
Bermuda grass is largely used on home lawns, golf courses, sports fields, parks, coastal areas and pastures and treating many ailments as well. Bermuda grass is also seeded at sloppy area to prevent erosion of earth. Bermuda grass is originated from Africa and India.
By this article, I will also explain the techniques of growing Bermuda grass by seeds, high quality seeds available in the market and Bermuda grass juice used for treating so many diseases and keep you healthy.
Before proceed further, I will suggest you to go through one of my article “Bermuda Grass – A Marvelous Holy Herb”.
How to grow Bermuda grass
Bermuda grass needs simple methods for care, maintenance and mowing. It also has fairly strong insect and disease resistant capacity. It spreads in a very short time during rainfall and has good tolerance in drought and cold conditions. Bermuda grass is the best grass for a hot, sunny or even adverse climate. Bermuda grass can grow from sandy to clay soil with low cost maintenance.
Following are the steps to grow Bermuda grass by seeds:
1. Lawn preparation to plant Bermuda grass
2. Planting Bermuda grass seeds
3. Caring of Bermuda grass lawn
#1. Lawn preparation to plant Bermuda grass
Plant Bermuda grass in spring to late spring or early summer. The optimum soil temperature for germination and root growth of Bermuda grass is 65° to 80°F (18.33° to 26.67° C). Lawn preparation contains some activities which are given here under:
- Site selection: Plant Bermuda grass in full sun on well-drained soil in the temperate, sub-tropical and tropical climate zones. Proper drainage is essential for successful establishment and the development of mature healthy turf.
- Area tilling: Area should be free of weeds and patches of grass. Roll the tiller over your lawn and lift up existing grass and weeds. This will allow you to plant your Bermuda grass without it having to compete with other grass or weeds in your yard. Tiller may be available on rent to do this work, otherwise you may purchase one from the above items from amazon as per your requirement.
- Raking: After you’ve tilled the soil, you’ll want to rake away dead grass and leaves so that you have a plot of land that doesn’t have any new plant life growing out of the surface. For doing this work you must have a rake. If it is not available with you, you can purchase from the amazon store as per your choice among the rakes given below.
- Soil testing: The best pH value of the soil of your lawn should be 5.6 to 7 to grow Bermuda grass. Take the sample of the soil of your lawn and go to the soil testing laboratory. If your soil is too acidic, you must add lime to amend the soil. If the soil is too alkaline, then you can amend the soil with sulfur to increase the acidity in the soil.
- Preparation of seedbed: Bermuda grass does best in well-drained soil that’s high in organic material. Clay soils are not good for the grass. You’ll want to lay down at least 6 inches of humus before you plant your seeds.
#2. Planting Bermuda grass seeds
- Rake over the area: Use a rake to go over the area that you’ve tilled to level out the dirt. You’ll want to get rid of depressions and hills in your lawn so that the seeds have a nice flat surface to grow on.
- Bermuda grass seeding: Plant the seed at the rate of 1 kg / 100 Square meters. More seed may be needed when stands are established early or late in the season to ensure full coverage. The planting rate for lawns is much higher than for pastures, due to the desire to have a higher plant population per square foot area. You can plant the seeds by hand, or you can purchase a broadcast seeder from the items given below to help you evenly disperse the seeds on your lawn. If you own one of the machines shown below, it will help you to disperse fertilizer too.
- Cover the seed with soil: Bermuda grass needs to be covered in soil to grow. All the seeds should be lightly covered with a 1/8 to 1/4 inch layer over them. Use a rake to go over the seeds and cover them with soil.
- Water the seeds: Immediately after planting the grass, you should thoroughly water your yard so that the soil remains moist. Afterward, continue watering the yard daily. Bermuda seeds require a lot of water at first for the seeds to germinate. Keep the soil consistently moist for the first three weeks. Gradually decrease watering as the turf matures.
- Apply fertilizer: Bermuda grass will take 10-30 days to germinate under ideal conditions. If required you can lay down a complete (N-P-K) turf-grade fertilizer with a 3-1-2 or 4-1-2 ratio.
#3. Caring of Bermuda grass lawn
Bermuda grass care is very easy. Daily light watering is all that is necessary while the grass is establishing. Once the grass is established, the watering frequency can be decreased, but the amount of water per watering session should be increased. The grass will need one inch per week if there is not significant rainfall.
- Mowing: As soon as the grass reaches 2 inches, it can be mowed with a sharp blade. Mowing will help the grass toughen up and spread. Mowing should be done frequently whenever grass grown up 2 to 2.5 inches. The above lawn mower machines are of great quality. You may like to purchase from the items shown above.
Growing Bermuda grass in your lawn and park will give you a good greenery look. It also can be used for pasture. Bermuda grass is loaded with medicinal uses that can be used as home remedies. Bermuda grass is used as antiviral and antimicrobial. Bermuda grass is used to cure so many diseases as mentioned in the article “Bermuda Grass – A Marvelous Holy Herb” thus; it is also beneficial to plant for commercial purposes. Here are the high quality Bermuda grass seeds. You can purchase here as per your requirements:
If you have planned to plant Bermuda grass in your lawn, courtyard or park, this article help you by every means. The reference of high quality seeds, tools and machinery are shown along with this article to help you purchase, if you do not have.
It will be my pleasure, if this article will be able to help you any way. Please comments your experience on this article to help me serve you better.